Synergetic Theory of Document in Evolution of Document Science

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УДК 35.077

DOI 10.28995/2073-0101-2018-4-1060-1068

Galina A. Dvoenosova

Kazan State Power Engineering University, Kazan, Russian Federation

Synergetic Theory of Document in Evolution of Document Science


The article assesses synergetic theory of document as a new development in document science. In information society the social role of document grows, as information involves all members of society in the process of documentation. The transformation of document under the influence of modern information technologies increases its interest to representatives of different sciences. Interdisciplinary nature of document as an object of research leads to an ambiguous interpretation of its nature and social role. The article expresses and contends the author's views on this issue. In her opinion, social role of document is incidental to its being a main social tool regulating the life of civilized society. Thus, the study aims to create a scientific theory of document, explaining its nature and social role as a tool of social (goal-oriented) action and social self-organization. Substantiation of this idea is based on application of synergetics (i.e., universal theory of self-organization) to scientific study of document. In the synergetic paradigm, social and historical development is seen as the change of phases of chaos and order, and document is considered a main tool that regulates social relations. Unlike other theories of document, synergetic theory studies document not as a carrier and means of information transfer, but as a unique social phenomenon and universal social tool. For the first time, the study of document steps out of traditional frameworks of office, archive, and library. The document is placed on the scales with society as a global social system with its functional subsystems of politics, economy, culture, and personality. For the first time, the methods of social sciences and modern sociological theories are applied to scientific study of document. This methodology provided a basis for theoretical vindication of nature and social role of document as a tool of social (goal-oriented) action and social self-organization. The study frames a synergetic theory of document with methodological foundations and basic concepts, synergetic model of document, laws of development and effectiveness of document in the social continuum. At the present stage of development of science, it can be considered the highest form of theoretical knowledge of document and its scientific explanatory theory.

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Document, document theory, synergetic, synergetic document theory, synergetic document model.


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About author

Dvoenosova Galina Aleksandrovna, PhD in History, associate professor, Kazan State Power Engineering University, professor, +7-917-293-53-36, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 3.02.2018, published:

DVOENOSOVA, G. A. Sinergeticheskaya teoriya dokumenta v razvitii dokumentovedcheskoi mysli [Synergetic Theory of Document in Evolution of Document Science. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2018, no. 4, pp. 1060-1068. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2018-4-1060-1068

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