“S. M. Dudin’s Report on His Trips to Central Asia in 1900 – 1902” in the Archive of the Russian Museum of Ethnography

Print PDF

УДК 94(47)+930.25+94(575)

DOI 10.28995/2073-0101-2019-1-214-224

Tatyana G. Emelyanenko

Russian Museum of Ethnography, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

“S. M. Dudin’s Report on His Trips to Central Asia in 1900 – 1902” in the Archive of the Russian Museum of Ethnography


The article presents one of historical and ethnographic sources kept in the Archive of the Russian Museum of Ethnography – the report on the first museum expedition to Central Asia organized by S.M. Dudin in 1900–1902. This report is of great importance for studying the cultural history of the Central Asian region and also the emergence of ethnographic museology in Russia. S. M. Dudin’s expeditions were the first ones, the work of which was based of specifically developed program of collecting objects, photographs, and ethnographic information for Russian museums. The article describes principal methods and thematic directions of Dudin’s expedition work as he states them in his report; it characterizes the structure of the report and the contents of its sections. It focuses on the section dedicated to Sarts, settled Turkic- and -Tajik-speaking population of the central areas of Central Asia (settled Uzbeks and lowland Tajiks), whose culture Dudin described in detail. The article lists those components of their traditional culture which were examined in report: house and house furnishing, food, clothing, adornments, hairstyles, agriculture and husbandry, hunting, fishing, arms and military equipment, pharmacy, children’s toys and adults’ entertainments, organization and attributes of religious life, etc. The article gives examples of S.M. Dudin’s specific methods of collecting and photographing. It underscores several particularly valuable and unique pieces of evidence concerning certain traditional crafts and homemade production, in particular receipts of vegetal and mineral textile pigments, techniques of copper objects making, paper production technologies, which can be used for revitalization and development of modern folk arts. The article also provides little-known facts about the organization of religious life and dervishes’ activities, pastime and entertainments of the population and a unique local custom of combining profession of illusionist with preaching.


Archives, historical sources, The Russian Museum of Ethnography, S.M. Dudin, central Asia, Uzbeks, Tajiks, traditional culture.

Download the article: emelyanenko_doi


ABASHIN S. Natsionalizmy v Srednei Azii: v poiskakh identichnosti [Nationalisms in Central Asia: In Search of Identity. In Russ.]. St. Petersburg, Aleteiya publ., 2007, 303 р.

VISHNEVETSKAYA, V. A. Iz zhizni i deyatel'nosti S. M. Dudina – khudozhnika, sobiratelya, issledovatelya [From life and activities of S. M. Dudin - artist, collector, researcher. In Russ.]. IN: Iz istorii formirovaniya etnograficheskikh kollektsii v muzeyakh Rossii (XIX–XX vv.) [From the history of formation of ethnographic collections in the Russian museums (19th – 20th century). In Russ.]. St. Petersburg, 1992, рр. 84–106.

DMITRIEV, S. V. Shtrikhi k sobiratel'skoi deyatel'nosti S.M. Dudina [Touching up the collecting activities of S. М. Dudin. In Russ.]. IN: Sbornik muzeya antropologii i etnografii [Proceedings of the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography. In Russ.], vol. 52, St. Petersburg, 2006, pp. 96–106.

PRISHCHEPOVA, V. A. K 150-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya S.M. Dudina – khudozhnika, etnografa [On the 150th anniversary of S. M. Dudin - artist, ethnographer. In Russ.]. IN: Antropologicheskii forum, 2011, no. 15 (Onlin), pp. 608–649.

About author

Emelyanenko Tatyana Grigorievna, PhD in History, Russian Museum of Ethnography, leading researcher, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, +7-921-333-33-26, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 10.01.2018, published (for citation):

EMEL'YANENKO, T. G. “Otchet S. M. Dudina o poezdkakh v Srednyuyu Aziyu v 1900–1902 gg.” v arkhive Rossiiskogo etnograficheskogo muzeya [“S. M. Dudin’s Report on His Trips to Central Asia in 1900 – 1902” in the Archive of the Russian Museum of Ethnography. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2019, no. 1, pp. 214-224. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2019-1-214-224

You can read completely article in the russian historic-archival magazine “The Herald of an Archivist”. Read more about terms of subscription here.

Полностью материал публикуется в российском историко-архивоведческом журнале ВЕСТНИК АРХИВИСТА. Ознакомьтесь с условиями подписки здесь.