“Killed in An Explosion in the House of the Supreme Ruler”: Concerning the Analysis of Death Records of the Officers of the Admiral A. V. Kolchak’s Convoy, August 27, 1919

Print PDF

Scientific article

УДК 908+930.253+94(47)+093

DOI 10.28995/2073-0101-2021-3-725-740

Dmitrii I. Petin

Omsk State Technical University, Omsk, Russian Federation

Maksim M. Stelmak

Historical Archive of Omsk Region, Omsk, Russian Federation

“Killed in An Explosion in the House of the Supreme Ruler”: Concerning the Analysis of Death Records of the Officers of the Admiral A. V. Kolchak’s Convoy, August 27, 1919


The study is devoted to the analysis of a group of unknown sources from the Historical Archive of the Omsk Region (fond of the Omsk Spiritual Consistory) that are being introduced into scientific use for the first time. These documents are associated with a tragic incident that resulted in the death of seven lower ranks, who provided security for Admiral A. V. Kolchak in Omsk. The contemporaries’ memoirs have served as an auxiliary source in the study. The relevance of this work is justified by contradictions in modern historiographic discussion regarding the cause of the explosion in the vicinity of the private residence of the Supreme Ruler in Omsk on August 25, 1919, as well as by great interest of the national scientific community in his person. Anthropological approach, principle of consistency, historical-systemic and comparative-historical method have served as methodological basis for the study. This theoretical totality suggests two points. First, consideration of the identified vital records as a natural consequence of the work of the Institute of the Russian Orthodox Church; second, critical comparative analysis of the new data and previous developments in historiography. The identified records have made it possible to establish the exact number of servicemen who died as a result of the tragedy, as well as their names, belonging to the service category of the lower ranks of the White Army, date of death, place and date of the funeral service and burial. The authors point out that the analyzed sources are also of key importance for studying the last days of the Omsk poet Yuri (Peter Ivanovich) Sopov, one of the victims of the explosion. In the conclusion, the thesis is emphasized of the need for basic and contextual use of vital records as a valuable documentary source on the past for conducting research on various aspects of the history of the Civil War. This publication may be of interest to specialists in source studies, researchers of the Civil War in the East of Russia, state security agencies of the anti-Bolshevik authorities, biography of Admiral A. V. Kolchak, local Omsk history.


Source study, act record, registers books, Civil war in Russia, White movement, A. V. Kolchak, Yuri Sopov, Omsk.

Download the article: petin_stelmak_doi


BAKSHT, D. A. “Bezdeyatel'nyi zhandarm”: k biografii V. N. Russiyanova (v dopolnenie k dokladu S. P. Zvyagina) [“Indolent gendarme”: To the biography of V. N. Russiyanov (in addition to the report of S. P. Zvyagin). In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Tomsk State University], 2016, no. 406, pp. 25–33.

BAKSHT, D. A., PETIN, D. I. Zaveduyushchii agenturoi Rossiiskogo pravitel'stva admirala Kolchaka Aleksandr Karaulov (1868–1920): k rekonstruktsii biografii [Head of the Agents of the Russian Government of Admiral Kolchak: Reconstructing the Biography. In Russ.]. IN: Noveishaya istoriya Rossii, 2020, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 366–380.

BAZANOV, P. N., PUCHENKOV, A. S. “Pravitel' Omskii” i ego diplomatiya [“The Ruler of Omsk” and his diplomacy. In Russ.]. IN: Rossiiskaya istoriya, 2018, no. 3, pp. 189–192.

KIRMEL', N. S., KHANDORIN, V. G. Karayushchii mech admirala Kolchaka [The punishing sword of Admiral Kolchak. In Russ.]. Moscow, Veche publ., 2015, 319 p.

KULIKOVA, E. Yu. Yurii Sopov v sibirskoi gazete “Zarya” (1919) [Yuri Sopov in the Siberian newspaper “Zarya” (1919). In Russ.]. IN: Studia Litterarum, 2019, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 316–335.

LOSUNOV, A. M. Omskii adres Verkhovnogo pravitelya [Omsk address of the Supreme Ruler. In Russ.]. Omsk, Amfora publ., 2011, 211 p.

NOVIKOV, S. V. Admiral Kolchak v Omske: k istorii Grazhdanskoi voiny v Rossii i geopoliticheskogo peredela Evropy posle Pervoi mirovoi voiny [Admiral Kolchak in Omsk: On the history of the Civil War in Russia and geopolitical redivision of Europe following the First World War. In Russ.]. IN: Omskii nauchnyi vestnik. Seriya Obshchestvo. Istoriya. Sovremennost’ [Omsk Scientific Bulletin. Series: Society. History. Contemporaneity], 2020, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 31–41.

PARIEVA, L. R. Dokumentirovanie deyatel'nosti organov voennogo upravleniya antibol'shevistskikh pravitel'stv Rossii (1918–1920 gg.). Dis. … kand. ist. nauk [Documenting the activities of the military command and control bodies of the anti-Bolshevik governments of Russia (1918–20): Cand. hist. sci. diss. In Russ.]. Moscow, 2019, 339 p.

SMOLIN, A. V. Vzlet i padenie admirala Kolchaka [The Rise and Fall of Admiral Kolchak. In Russ.]. St. Petersburg, Nauka publ. 2018, 240 p

SHISHKIN, V. I. Vzryv v usad'be Verkhovnogo pravitelya 25 avgusta 1919 g. [Explosion in the estate of the Supreme Ruler on August 25, 1919. In Russ.]. IN: Grazhdanskaya voina v Sibiri: Materialy Vserossiiskoi zaochnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [The Civil War in Siberia: Proceedings of the on-line research-to-practice conference]. Omsk, 2013, pp. 161–173.

SHTYRBUL, A. A. Dozhit' do sentyabrya. Sud'ba poeta Yuriya Sopova: istoriko-literaturnoe issledovanie s prilozheniem samogo polnogo sobraniya sochinenii Yu. Sopova [To live until September: The fate of the poet Yuri Sopov: A historical and literary study with appended most complete collection of Yuri Sopov’s works. In Russ.]. Omsk, OmGPU publ., 2015, 284 p.

SHTYRBUL, A. A. Pokushenie na Kolchaka: istoricheskoe rassledovanie [Attempt assassination of Kolchak: A historical investigation. In Russ.]. Omsk, OmGPU publ., 2013, 392 p.

About the authors

Petin Dmitrii Igorevich, PhD in History, Omsk State Technical University, department of history, philosophy, and social Communications, assistant professor, Omsk, Russian Federation, +7-950–333–56–81, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Stelmak Maksim Maksimovich, PhD in History, Historical Archive of the Omsk Region, Center for the Study of the History of the Civil War, chief archivist, Omsk, Russian Federation, +7-381-237-05-58, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 28.04.2021, published (for citation):

PETIN, D. I., STELMAK, M. M. “Ubity pri vzryve v dome Verkhovnogo pravitelya”: k analizu aktovykh zapisei o smerti chinov konvoya admirala A. V. Kolchaka 27 avgusta 1919 g. [“Killed in An Explosion in the House of the Supreme Ruler”: Concerning the Analysis of Death Records of the Officers of the Admiral A. V. Kolchak’s Convoy, August 27, 1919. In Russ.].

IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2021, no. 3, pp. 725-740. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2021-3-725-740

You can read completely article in the russian historic-archival magazine “The Herald of an Archivist”. Read more about terms of subscription here.

Полностью материал публикуется в российском историко-архивоведческом журнале ВЕСТНИК АРХИВИСТА. Ознакомьтесь с условиями подписки здесь.