Daily Life of the Ishim Women in the Days of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945

Print PDF

Scientific article

УДК 94(47).084.8+94(57)+394-055.2

DOI 10.28995/2073-0101-2022-1-285-296

Mamontova, Marina A.

F. M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russian Federation

Frolova, Alena A.

Omsk State Technical University, Omsk, Russian Federation

Daily Life of the Ishim Women in the Days of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945


The article considers the social and cultural role of women under the rear living conditions in the days of Great Patriotic War on the example of Ishim and Ishim district of the Tyumen region. The study draws on archival materials of the Ishim Shoe Factory, Ishim Museum Complex A.P. Ershov, State Archive in Ishim, Ishim Medical College Museum, Larikha School Museum, which are being thus introduces into scientific use. Records keeping documents represent the formal perception of challenges in the way of life and contain quantitative data of the home front enterprises, while personal provenance sources provide a greater awareness of things at an individual level and draw a picture of women’s everyday living in Ishim in the days of the Great Patriotic War, showing all the severity of the wartime. Historical and anthropological approach, focusing on the specificity of feminine writing, highlights such features of the feminine world perception as emotionalism and great detailing of “male business.” The study shows the changing status of women with the outbreak of the war. Male professions, which were dangerous to human health and needed a greater amount of energy, entered the women’s daily life. The memoirs of home front workers tell of the difficulties of everyday life and of ways to overcome the challenges; describe the specificities of living in densely populated accommodations and of nutrition in acute food shortage; showcase their active assistance to the army and evacuees; demonstrate revitalization of leisure activities and their confidence in victory. At the same time, women maintained their traditional social roles relating to house-keeping and child-rearing; care for family, loved ones, and other people; fighting numerous wartime diseases; supporting children evacuated from Leningrad. In the wartime, women had an important social function: they created a special spiritual atmosphere, helping to reconcile with the cruel military reality, to preserve the hope of peace. Thus imperative of the behavior of the majority of women was formed: “to work not with tears, but with song.” The material of the article can be used in general research of the rear living conditions during the Great Patriotic War, in study of the Siberian region, as well as in preparation of popular science publications and educational material for students and schoolchildren.


Historical sources, Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, everyday life history home front, Ishim, women, social gender roles.

Download the article: mamontova_frolova_doi


ANISIMOVA, N. E. Podrostki na moskovskikh predpriyatiyakh: voennaya povsednevnost’ (1941-1942) [Teenage workers of the Moscow enterprises: The wartime mundanity. In Russ.]. IN: Rossiiskaya istoriya, 2019, no. 5, pp. 50–58.

KRASNOZHENOVA, E. E., KULIK, S. V., KULINOK, S. V. Povsednevnaya zhizn' leningradskogo studenchestva v period okkupatsii i blokady: 1941–1944 gg. (na materialakh Leningradskogo politekhnicheskogo instituta im. M. I. Kalinina) [Daily life of the Leningrad students under occupation and blockade: 1941–44: Materials of the M.I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute. In Russ.]. IN: Voprosy istorii, 2020, no. 8, pp. 76–83.

PALETSKIKH, N. P. Semeino-bytovye aspekty tylovoi povsednevnosti: na materialakh Urala perioda Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny [Family and household aspects of everyday life in the rear areas: A case study of the Urals during the Great Patriotic War. In Russ.] IN: Sotsium i vlast', 2018, no. 5 (73), pp. 121–129.

REBROVA, I. V. Zhenskaya povsednevnost' v ekstremal'noi situatsii: po materialam ustnykh i pis'mennykh vospominanii zhenshchin o Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine [Women's everyday life in an extreme situation: Oral and written memoirs of women about the Great Patriotic War. In Russ.]. IN: Rossiiskaya povsednevnost' v zerkale gendernykh otnoshenii [Russian everyday life in the mirror of gender relations. In Russ.]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie publ., 2013, pp. 605–630.

SUSHKO, A. V., NOSOVA M. S. “Deti vyshli iz vsyakogo terpeniya zhdat' posuly, napisali pis'mo tov. STALINU…”. Spetszapiska nachal'nika raionnogo otdeleniya NKVD o razmeshchenii evakuirovannykh detei iz goroda Leningrada v Kalachinskom raione Omskoi oblasti [“The Children Lost All Patience with Promises and Wrote a Letter to Comrade STALIN ...”: The Special Note of the Head of the NKVD District Department on Settlement of Children Evacuated from the City of Leningrad in the Kalachinsk District of the Omsk Region. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2020, no. 1, pp. 236-248. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2020-1-236-248

SUSHKO, A. V., NOSOVA, M. S. Deti Leningrada v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny [Children of Leningrad in the days of the Great Patriotic War. In Russ.]. IN: Noveishaya istoriya Rossii, 2020, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 330–347.

About the authors

Mamontova Marina Aleksandrovna, PhD in History, associate professor, F. M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University, department of Russian history and political science, head of the department, Omsk, Russian Federation, +7-3812-67-01-04, +7-904-826-76-23, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Frolova Alena Alekseevna, Omsk State Technical University, department of history, philosophy, and social communications, graduate student, Omsk, Russian Federation, +7-982-934-69-21, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 30.11.2020, published (for citation):

MAMONTOVA, M. A., FROLOVA, A. A. Povsednevnost' zhenshchin Ishima v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny 1941-1945 gg. [Daily Life of the Ishim Women in the Days of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista / Herald of an Archivist, 2022, no. 1, pp. 285-296. doi 10.28995/2073-0101-2022-1-285-296

You can read completely article in the russian historic-archival magazine “The Herald of an Archivist”. Read more about terms of subscription here.

Полностью материал публикуется в российском историко-архивоведческом журнале ВЕСТНИК АРХИВИСТА. Ознакомьтесь с условиями подписки здесь.